Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure is a broad term that can have many different meanings. The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation defines it as “a wide range of multi-functional, natural and semi-natural landscape elements located within, around, and between developed areas at all spatial scales.” At a large scale Green Infrastructure can be thought of as a system of interconnected landscape elements (e.g. wildlife habitat, wetlands, surface water) that provide ecosystem services such as water purification, flood resilience, and stormwater management. At a smaller scale Green infrastructure is often site specific and can be thought of as minimizing a development’s impacts. It can be implemented through Low Impact Development or Green Stormwater Infrastructure.


Development in areas that provide ecosystem services can often result in a diminished capacity to provide those services. Development in floodplains reduces their capacity to mitigate flooding, development in wetlands reduces their capacity to filter water, and the addition of impervious surfaces and the development of steep slopes increases the amount of stormwater runoff resulting in higher peak flows and flooding levels and increased erosion. These services are extremely important and need to be preserved. Additionally, Green Infrastructure can provide many benefits aside from those commonly identified as ecosystem services, including increased property values, enhanced recreational opportunities, and the creation of jobs.

For more information, visit the Department of Environmental Conservation website.

A green infrastructure toolkit has been created to assist Vermont municipalities. Click here for more information.

Low Impact Development (LID) & Stormwater Management

  • LID brochure. Created 2008 by Addison County Regional Planning Commission and SWCRPC.
  • Managing stormwater and improving local water quality in Springfield.  Booklet for local residents.  Created 2010 by SWCRPC.  Compilation of affordable and achievable strategies for managing stormwater around the home in a rural and small town environment.  Also contains advice on how efforts around the home and in the yard can improve local water quality
  • LID Town Resource Pack. Created 2010 by SWCRPC.  The pack is an introduction to LID for towns and provides resources for application of LID in the region:
  • LID Tools for Vermont Towns. Created 2007 by SWCRPC and Addison County Regional Planning Commission. Information on how to incorporate LID into Town Plans and local regulations.
  • Local LID examples and Further Resources. Created 2010 by SWCRPC as part of the LID Town Resource Pack.  Examples of Vermont and New Hampshire LID projects which could be relevant for the region and links to further LID resources.

Developed Lands (3-acre) Permit

Municipal Roads General Permit

For information about the Municipal Roads General Permit, visit the Municipal Roads Program webpage.

Stormwater Master Planning